Two tags can be made synonyms and they can also be merged. What is the difference between these two things?
I am referring here to the terminology used in this post. It contains a list of changes in tags, some of them are marked by m for "merge", some of them are marked by s for "synonym".
I do not know what exactly merging two tags means and what is the difference between this and making the two tags synonyms.
I hope that some more experienced user could explain this. (One of the reason I am asking is to clarify the situation mentioned in this comment. But this is a useful thing to know in general, at least for people who care about correct tagging and try to help with various tag-related issues.)