I don't see any reason one can't ask questions about intuition - understanding concepts intuitively is, after all, a big part of doing math. However, it's worth noting that the question
Did I formulate $f$ correctly?
Is very easy for us to answer, since we can see how you formulated $f$. However, something like
Am I understanding the motivation for relations?
Is much harder, since we don't really know how you're understanding them - and, ultimately, this question is asking about something about yourself that we can't see - and even then, it's not a very specific question, since the motivation depends heavily on the field, and other factors you haven't written.
I don't really know what you're after, but there's a number of things one can ask about intuition. One would be about applications:
I have seen that one can refer to such an $f$ as a relation because it takes elements of the domain to some elements of the range. However, it's not clear to me why we study the more general notion of a relation, when it seems that most of the result in my real analysis class regard functions only. What motivates mathematicians to study relations instead of just functions? Do they simplify or generalize the proof of any common analysis facts?
Or about the meaning of things:
I have seen homotopies defined as a continuos map $H:X\times [0,1]\rightarrow Y$ where we say two functions $h_0$ and $h_1$ are homotopic if $h_0(x)=H(x,0)$ and $h_1(x)=H(x,1)$ for some $H$. However, it's not clear to me what the condition of requiring this map $H$ between them is. What is the purpose of including the $H(x,a)$ with $0<a<1$? How can I visualize the meaning of homotopy?
The main thing is to be very specific and to make sure the question really is about mathematics rather than about yourself.