Why have I got +16 reputation on this question when clearly it only has received 2 up votes.
Not that I'm complaining.
Currently, the question has 6 upvotes and 2 downvotes, which gives score 4 and net reputation gain $6\cdot5-2\cdot2=26$.
You can view upvotes and downvotes on your reputation tab.
If you sort it by post you get this:
If you sort it by time you get this:
Either way, you see upvotes and downvotes separately.
After you gain 1000 reputation votes, you can also view upvotes and downvotes by clicking on the arrow showing question score.