Badges are awarded to encourage and incentivize positive community actions within the site.
Badges (along with reputation) are what makes MSE tick.
If you have a question about how the badge system works, or a question about a specific badge, this is the tag to use.
For more information, see:
- What are the badges I can earn on each site, and what are the exact criteria for earning each badge?
- How do "badges" work?
- List of badges in the help center
Some badges are awarded based on score. The term score means the total number of upvotes minus the total number of downvotes.